Spine Arthroscopy: How you can treat back pain

Spine Arthroscopy

Spine Arthroscopy, also known as arthroscopic decompression, is a surgery designed to decompress the spine and reduce pressure from “pinched” nerves. Compression of the spine happens when the spaces between the discs of the spine narrows, often resulting in symptoms such as pain and numbness.

Frequently referred to as spinal stenosis, this compression results from degeneration or wear on the spine, sending pressure down the spine. While it can be the result of physical injury, it is usually related to osteoarthritis and a symptom of larger problems within the neck and back. The compression of the spine will often get worse and lead to further degeneration, amplifying preexisting systems.

Some of the symptoms of spinal stenosis that patients that should look out for include:

  1. Impaired bladder functioning and/or bowel control
  2. Neck or back pain
  3. Numbness or tingling
  4. Weakness of the muscles

A frequent cause of the pressure from spinal stenosis is the herniation of discs in the spine. When a disc is herniated, the center pushes through the exterior casing, sometimes resulting in pain. The goal of Spine Arthroscopy is normally to repair the herniated discs of the cervical or lumbar spine, which requires the removal of herniated material around the disc.

Treatment often involves medication and physical therapy, but when it is particularly acute and severe it requires surgical intervention. If you experience any of the symptoms mentioned above, you should follow-up with your medical provider to organize a doctor consultation.


Spine Arthroscopy is a minimally-invasive outpatient procedure. Typically, it involves the surgeon inserting a needle into the space where the herniated disc or material is located and then “vacuuming” (removing and suctioning) it out. Generally, only the herniated section of the disc is removed, which allows the spine to maintain its natural form and which requires no burden of disc replacement.

For many procedures, a second surgeon is present to ensure patient safety and serve as an assistant to the surgeon performing the removal. When the procedure is done, the surgeon will remove their tools and use a bandage to cover the spot where the needle was injected. While the surgeon needs to be precise, the surgery is (as mentioned before) minimally-invasive, requiring only a very short (if any) recovery period for the patient.


While not all herniated discs require attention and result in no symptoms, many will irritate other nerves and have a cascading effect which impacts the neck and back. The benefits of the Spine Arthroscopy surgery as a remedy to this include:

  • Relieving compression in the spinal canal
  • Reducing recovery times
  • Minimizing long-term damage


There are very few complications to the procedure, and those complications that do occur are quite rare. Some of the risks of the Spine Arthroscopy surgery include:

  • Scarring
  • Trauma to the spine
  • Spinal infection

If symptoms return, you should consult your doctor for follow-up and to determine a new course of action.

Spine Arthroscopy in India

Spine Arthroscopy surgery in India is common, and there are a number of hospitals and providers throughout the country to organize your treatment and care. Spine Arthroscopy surgery in Bangalore is easy to organize, as there many doctors specializing in it throughout the city.

If you are experiencing any of the symptoms of spinal stenosis or arthroscopic compression, you should follow-up with your nearest orthopedic doctor for spinal stenosis surgery. During a doctor consultation, your doctor will assess the severity of your symptoms to determine the best way to proceed, and whether or not surgery will be necessary.