Behind this catchy title lies a real problem. An evil that strikes hard in all the developed countries: Obesity and overweight . Recent studies carried out on behalf of the Mutuelle Générale de l’Education Nationale (MGEN) give us alarming figures: 46% of French people are overweight or obese , almost 1 in 2 French! We follow the trail of our American friends and their magnificent 65% in 2012 . Numbers that give me the spin. People suffering from overweight or obesity are above all people in great suffering, both physically and psychologically.This article aims to make you aware of the real physiological mechanisms of weight gain by proposing concrete solutions.To adopt to get rid once and for all of this mass which hinders us and spoils our daily life, all without AN restrictive diet and in respect of your body. Before that, some explanations are necessary.
The calorie system: a huge scam!
Our vision of weight intake / loss is governed by the dietary calorie system . Calorie is a unit of measure of energy, the quantity of calories contained in a food corresponds to a certain amount of energy released by the latter during its digestion. The caloric requirements for a man performing a moderate sports activity is about 2500-2700 Kcal and they are 2000 Kcal for a woman.Most fad diets are based on measuring the number of calories contained in foods.Roughly: ” I get bigger if I exceed a certain caloric threshold and therefore I have to deprive myself of calories to lose weight “.It is an extremely simplistic approach to think that 2000 kcal of McDo is the equivalent of 2000 kcal of banana .This is totally false: 2000kcal of Macdo will generate a much larger storage of matter in adipose tissue (lipogenesis) and conversely the banana will help you regulate your weight.You will understand that not all calories are equal (1), some are “empty” and others “alive” and their effects on the mechanism of weight gain is totally different! Interesting no? Go further.
Why do we store fat?
Body fat has 2 vital functions:
1. Energy storage
The first function of greasy tissue is to store excess dietary intakes in energy reserves.
For example, it is the strategy adopted by animals that hibernate. Before the advent of winter, the animal will overfeed itself to create fat reserves that will allow him to provide him with the caloric intake(energy) necessary to hold all the winter.It should be understood that the body will storecaloric intakes and especially sugar (glucose) by transforming it into fatty acid through a hormone called ” insulin” that is partly responsible for the intake of fat.
The role of insulin in fat storage:
When we ingest and digest foods rich in sugars (pasta, bread, biscuits), there is a great release of sugars (glucose) in our blood. However, our blood sugar level should not exceed a certain threshold beyond which we incur major risks.The hormone responsible for regulating blood glucose levels is insulin . It is secreted by the pancreas and is responsible for storing excess sugar .
It has 2 solutions for this:
1. For a sedentary person , this sugar will be transformed into fatty acid from which the body will make triglycerides that will feed our adipose tissue: it is lipogenesis (fat intake).
2. For an active person who practices regular physical activity, another interesting phenomenon takes place: insulin will cause storage of sugars not in adipose tissue but in the muscles !
Our muscles have their own energy reserves. The muscle sugar called “glycogen” is stored in the intracellular muscle fiber (sarcroplasm) to nourish the muscle with energy during intense exertion.
After a sports session, the glycogen reserves (sugar) of the muscle are depleted. The muscles claim to eat and the insulin will respond by sending the sugar from the digestion.Understand that the insulin will send the sugar where there is most need , if I am activeare my muscles that eat sugar , if I’m not active these sugars contribute to the creation of fat reserves .We can conclude that it is mainly sugars that are responsible for weight gain and more specifically the processed sugars, unnatural to high glycemic index (made from refined flour products, white sugar, pastries, white bread, sodas , etc.). It is surely not fat diet that forms the body fat stores. Still a reductive and ideological vision of weight gain.
Many diets tend to remove dietary fats held responsible for our extra pounds, a very dangerous and unnecessary practice in the long run.Fat and more specifically fatty acids are fundamental , they are the precursors of the majority of our hormones and are the protective and anti-inflammatory agents of your body. What you reconcile with the fat ? (the good fat)